Stephen Lafayette Pagenhardt
Stephen Lafayette Pagenhardt was an early Live Steam modeler from Cumberland County, Maryland. Stephen built a 1.5 inch scale, 7-1/4 inch gauge 4-4-0 named Little Maryland. He was 16 years old when he started work on the locomotive, and finished it at age 19. The model was subsequently featured at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair.
Little Maryland specifications:
- 1.5 inch scale
- 7-1/4 inch gauge
- Based on Cumberland & Pennsylvania Railroad 4-4-0 Maryland
- Boiler contained twenty three tubes, one-half inch each
- Brass cylinders
- Wheel base: 26 inches
- Tender: three gallon capacity
- Total length: 64 inches
- Weight: 190 pounds
- Track: cast iron rails
The Little Maryland was the first operating model steam locomotive in Western Maryland. The British publication, 7-1/4 News, published an article suggesting that Stephen's locomotive was the first 7-1/4 inch gauge locomotive built in the United States.